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English-German Translation of
Verständnisfrage

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Frage:
Verständnisfrage  
von EmmaII (UN), 2017-10-11, 11:04  Spam?  
Hier nochmals ein Auszug aus einem englischen Roman, in dem es u.a. um ehemalige RAF-Piloten geht.
Der Kontext:
»No wonder no one disliked him; no wonder no one was very fond of him. You could knock it back all night with
him and you knew no more about him than before the first
canfull. He must have been close before they made him adj.;
afterwards, it hurt him to admit it was raining.«
Es geht mir um den letzten Satz: Was bedeutet  "He must have been close, bevor they made him adjutant …"?
Antwort: 
von MichaelK (US), Last modified: 2017-10-11, 12:08  Spam?  
 #880412
There is 'to be close to' and 'to be closed about' something. Perhaps your 'close' is in error for 'closed', although this doesn't make good sense either because of the missing object. Is it possible the object (that which he must have been close to or closed about) is mentioned a few lines above the passage you posted?

At any rate, it would make sense to use verschlossen here. He was uncommunicative before they made him adjutant, and now it's even worse.
Antwort: 
von Windfall (GB), 2017-10-11, 12:09  Spam?  
 #880413
I agree with Michael, my gut feel is that "close" means "uncommunicative" here - although this is not a use of the word "close" I'm familiar with.
Chat:     
close  #880415
von sunfunlili (DE/GB), 2017-10-11, 12:26  Spam?  
http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/34607?rskey=jLpk1J&result=4#eid

"  .....  

5.  d. fig. To include, contain within itself. arch.   .....

†6. To keep close, keep out of sight or knowledge. Obs.  .....

Thesaurus
close
the mind » mental capacity » faculty of knowing » hiding, concealing from view » hide, conceal

.....
14.

a. To come to terms or agreement (with a person).  .....  "
Antwort: 
LINX  #880420
von Proteus-, 2017-10-11, 12:50  Spam?  193.83.2....
close adj.
3.2
Not willing to give away money or information; secretive.
‘you're very close about your work, aren't you?’ https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/close

close1 adj  11 secretive  http://chambers.co.uk/search/?query=close&title=21st

close2 /kləʊs $ kloʊs/ ●●● S1 W1 adjective (comparative closer, superlative closest )
22 unwilling to talk about something [not before noun] unwilling to tell people about something SYN secretive close about You’re very close about your work, aren’t you?
23 unwilling to spend money [not before noun] not generous
close with You won’t get a penny out of Jack – he’s very close with his money.
http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/close#close__1
Chat:     
von sunfunlili (DE/GB), 2017-10-11, 14:00  Spam?  
 #880421
OED
http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/34606?rskey=jLpk1J&result=3#eid
adj.  " ...  7. Practising secrecy; reserved, reticent, uncommunicative; not open. .... *
Antwort: 
von MichaelK (US), Last modified: 2017-10-11, 14:23  Spam?  
 #880422
Thanks sunfunlili, you nailed it at 14:00  It's the only entry that makes sense and doesn't require 'about, to, with' followed by an object.
Chat:     
For the record, Chambers just gives secretive — but the others illustrate potential usage ...  #880426
von Proteus-, 2017-10-11, 14:59  Spam?  193.83.2....
Longman's rather usefully differentiates between close about and close with, which might be of service to learners of English on this Forum.
Antwort: 
Many thanks!  #880516
von EmmaII (UN), 2017-10-13, 10:07  Spam?  
Thanks to your help, now it makes sense to me: Er war davor verschlossen, und nachdem sie ihn zum Adjutanten gemacht hatten, noch mehr!

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